Online notes, resourses: algebra, calculus, differential equations, statistics

**by** Carlos Sotuyo.** Math/Stat instructor at Miami Dade College & Broward College**.

csotuyo@broward.edu or csotuyo@mdc.edu

TheOPEN textbook LIBRARY: the most complete source of free textbooks in the world wide web !! (pdf download, again, for free). Algebra, Linear Algebra, Calculus, Statistics, Abstract Algebra, Number Theory etc ...

Paul's Online Math Noteshttp://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/Professor Paul Dawkins website covers his classes: Algebra (Math 1314), Calculus I (Math 2413), Calculus II (Math 2414), Calculus III (Math 2415) and Differential Equations (Math 3401). Professor Dawkins teaches at Lamar University, Texas.

** By WolframMathWorld.com:

A Taylor seriesis a series expansion of a function about a point. A one-dimensional Taylor series is an expansion of a real function f(x) about a point x=a is given by:1.

Summary of Convergence Testsfor Series with examples, pdf.2. Convergence tests for Series:

flowchart, pdf.Statistics:

The normal distribution:Mth120 -

Statistics Iat Elgin Community College

The University of Alabama in Huntsville: Random

Probability, Mathematical Statistics, Stochastic Processes

Content.

Introductory Statistics, Vol 1: textbookequity.org

Introductory Statistics, Vol 2: textbookequity.org

Collaborative Statistics, pdf download, by Barbara Illowsky PhD.

Introduction to Probability, Dartmouth College: 1. Ebook; 2. Solutions.

1.

Stat Trek, Teach yourself statistics:http://stattrek.com/2.

Summary of confidence interval and hypothesis testing formulaeby Duquesne University Math Dept.3.

Online Statistics Education: An Interactive Multimedia Course of StudyDeveloped by Rice University (Lead Developer), University of Houston Clear Lake, and Tufts University4. University of Texas:

Virtual Laboratories in Probability and Statistics5.

Statistics Tables, online:University of Central Florida6.

StatisticsFormulasby Mario F. TriolaCopyright 2010 Pearson Education.7.

Statistics Tablesby Mario F. TriolaCopyright 2010 Pearson Education.*

Complete set of formulas and tables, by Mario Triola*+

another set of stat formulas+8.

Student's t distribution table, pdf,by scholar.vt.eduAlso:

Important Formulas card, from Essentails of Business Statistics by Bowermann & O'Connell.

Direct download here.9.

F tables:There is an F table for each alpha (right tail). The rows represent denominator degrees of freedom and the columns represent numerator degrees of freedom.

Most hypothesis testing problems avoid left tailed tests. Sometimes, however, the left F critical value is needed. If you have a calculator --like Casio fx 9750 or 9860, then go to Dist, F, InvF, enter 1-alpha or 1-alpha/2,-for one tailed or two tailed tests, respectively; and the degrees of freedoms: numerator(n:df), denominator (d:df).See right tail areas, by UCLA.10

. Confidence Interval for One Variance:Casio graphing calculator: Distributions, CHI, InvC. Area: alpha/2 and 1-alpha/2; df=n-1.

11.

The confidence interval provides a range of likely values for the ratio between two population variances or standard deviations. If the confident interval contains one, we cannot conclude that the population’s variances differ. It is given by:Confidence Interval for the Ratio of two Variances:

Finding F critical values:

Casio graphing calculator: Distributions, F, InvF: for F alpha/2, Right tail, enter the alpha/2, for Area; then the numerator df, followed by the denominator df. (Recall, the larger variance goes on the numerator).

For the left tail, enter the 1-alpha/2 value for area, and numerator df, denominator df.

Note:images created online at codecogs/editor/latex/eqneditor.php

Understanding Public Opinion Surveyby MichiganSc.

Designing an Experiment, Power Analysisby Statsoft.com"Performing power analysis and sample size estimation is an important aspect of experimental design, because without these calculations, sample size may be too high or too low. If sample size is too low, the experiment will lack the precision to provide reliable answers to the questions it is investigating. If sample size is too large, time and resources will be wasted, often for minimal gain. "

Java applets for power and sample sizeby statsoft.com

Power tables (Cohen, 1988) pdf.## Power analysis: Effect size formulas, by UCLA.

Power Analysis in R by Quick R, by DataCamp.Calculation of Beta (PWR=1-Beta), for a test on mean(population SD estaimated by large sample SD) sampling from normal population or when n is large --for a one sided test, replace z_alpha/2 by z_alpha:

Image created using codecogs.com latex equation editor.

Power analysis in R: http://www.statmethods.net/stats/power.htmlStatistical Intervals. Tolerance intervals.

A tolerance interval is a statistical interval within which, with some confidence level, a specified proportion of a sampled population falls (source, Wikipedia).*

You might want a tolerance interval by Mark J. Nelson*

Understanding Statistical Intervals: Part III - Tolerance Intervals by ProPharma Group

*Values ofkfor Two-Sided Intervals

Confidence Levels and Hypothesis testing:

**Summary of confidence interval and hypothesis testing formulae**by Duquesne University Math Dept.

ANOVA table:

One-way ANOVASource of VariationSSdfMSFBetween Groups SSB k-1 MSB=SSB/df F=MSB/MSW Within Groups SSW n-k MSW=SSW/df Total SST=SSB+SSW n-1 SSB(between) =SST(treatments)

SSW (within)= SSE (residual errors)

Total sum of squares=Treatments sums of squares + sum of squares of the residual error.

Two way ANOVASource of Variation SS df MS F Factor A SSA a-1 MSA=SSA/df MSA/MSE factor B (blocks) SSB b-1 MSB=SSB/df MSB/MSE Error SSE (a-1)(b-1) MSE=SSE/df Total SST=SSA+SSB+SSE n-1

SSB, sum of squares due to blocks: the sum of the squared differences between block means and the overall mean, multiplied by k, the number of treatments.Critical Values for the Tukey Q Test,

alpha = .05click here

ANOVA regression:dfSSMSFRegression 1 SSR MSR=SSR/df MSR/MSE Residual n-2 SSE MSE=SSE/df Total n-1 SST=SSR+SSE Regression df: number indep vars (IP).

Residual df: number of data points(observations)-num ip-1. Simple linnear reg df=n-2; multiple linear regression: n-ip-1.

TheR Project for Statistical Computing

https://r-project.org

Datasets Available in R - GitHub Pages## College of the Redwoods, using R in Statistics.

## Probability Distributions in R (Stat 5101, Geyer)

## Columbia Univ: Statistics, R Notes.

Basic Statistical Analysis Using R:

by T. Heeren & J.Milton,

Boston University.

Quick Rby statmethods.net

MarinStatlectures.com: R tutorials

Table of Useful R commands,

Calvin College.

Probability Distributions in R,

University of Minnessota.College of Staten Island:

Using R for Introductory Statistics:

John Verzani:

link or download it here.

SimpleRis a previous version

of John Verzani's ebook.

Logistic Regressionin R: 1, 2

Logistic regression and glm (pdf)